Thursday, November 17, 2011

Simple Stereo Synthesizer

There are two common methods for generating a pseudo-stereo effect from a mono signal, the mono signal to both speakers play out of phase, and the use of frequency selective techniques, which usually consists of directing lower frequency signals in a single channel and higher frequency signals in the other. This circuit uses the second technique, but it can also antiphase signals that can give a better effect, especially when using headphones.

Q1 is used an emitter follower buffer stage, which provides two filter networks quagmire of its production is driven low impedance source. If they were driven directly to the input, it is quite possible that they would receive food source impedance of a few ohms or more pounds, which would be more than enough to change their properties effectively.

Both filters are formed by R4 and C3 (low pass), and C6 and R8 (step height). Wind in the price is not essential in this application and the rate of attenuation of 6 dB per octave filters simple as that RC is perfectly adequate. The-3dB point of each filter is about 800 Hz and mixed, therefore, gives an almost flat response, with significant peaks or troughs.

Q2 is connected as an emitter follower buffer stage, which ensures that there is minimum load on the low-pass filter. Q3 also ensures that there is minimum load on the high-pass filter, but this device can also serve as a phase separator. With SW2 switched to the output of the transmitter third quarter, Q3 acts effectively as an emitter follower and makes no phase inversion. With SW2 switched to exit in the third quarter of collectors, Q3, thus effectively act as a common-emitter stage with negative feedback of 100% (and a unity voltage gain) due to R11. 1t also provides a phase change of 180 °, so the two output signals are in phase opposition. A phase conditions are necessary to give a good stereo image center and use of anti-phase signals tend to give an impression of greater separation channel.

Stereo recording in an orchestra, it is normal for the violins from the left channel, with cellos and basses in the right way. Therefore, the high frequency signals are routed to the left channel and low frequency signals are routed to the right channel so that the device gives a similar effect (although this will obviously work well with the outputs connected both ways ).

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